Social Exclusion

Social exclusion describes a process by which certain groups are thoroughly disadvantaged because they are discriminated against on the basis of their ethnicity, race, religion, sexual orientation, caste, descent, gender, age, disability, HIV status, migrant status or where they live. Discrimination occurs in public institutions, such as the legal system or education and health services, as well as social institutions like the household.

In all societies some groups are socially excluded. However, the groups affected and the degrees of discrimination vary from one society to another, as do the forms that social exclusion takes.