Madhya Pradesh has been one of the laboratories of development projects in India. During the last three decades people have been displaced from their homesteads and lands in the name of development projects, including dams, national parks, sanctuaries, mines, industries, infrastructure projects, and beautification of cities, and this activity is continuing even now.

In Singrauli district recently the government acquired land for the Essar Group to establish a Super Thermal Power Project. Farmers are campaigning against the company and demanding only land for their land. The Essar Group required 1250 acres of land to set up the power project and there is talk of providing compensation. But it is clear that proper rehabilitation is not being done in Singrauli.